Romans 1:18 mentions both ungodliness and unrighteousness in the same sentence.  What is the difference between the two?  Are they not the same?

Ungodliness means without piety or to be impious. It is a dismissive attitude toward God. It is wickedness by implication.[1]

Unrighteousness has to do with wrongfulness of character, injustice, and iniquity. It is more than an attitude, it is action. It is active wickedness.[2]

The Hebrew word for wicked is rasa which means; ungodly or guilty. Rasa is a legal term meaning wrongdoing or being in the wrong. The person who has sinned against the law is guilty.[3]

For all have sinned and come short of the glory of God. Romans 3:23

Rasa also denotes the category of people who have done wrong, who are still living in sin, and who are intent on continuing with wrongdoing.[4]

The first Psalm exhorts the godly not to imitate the deeds and behavior of ungodly, wicked people. The wicked does not seek God. The wicked loves violence. The wicked oppress the righteous and does not pay his debts. The wicked lays a snare to trap the righteous.[5]

For contrast between the righteous and the wicked, see Psalm 37.[6]

…let the word of Christ dwell (take up its life) in you richly…

[1] The Exhaustive Concordance of the Bible by James Strong, Hendrickson Publishers, Peabody, MA, p. 16, #763 asebeiav

[2] Ibid. , p. 8,  #93 adikiav

[3,4,5&6] Vine’s Complete Expository Dictionary of Old & New Testament Words – copyright 1984,1996, Thomas Nelson, Inc., Nashville, TN,  p. 287.

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